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    地面找平砂浆验收标准有哪些是需要注意的?
    来源:http://www.jndmzp.com   时间:2020-5-21 15:59:06
    在地面有坑坑洼洼的时候,装修时就应该要对它进行找平,在找平后地面平衡了才能比较好看,那地面找平步骤是什么?在对地面找平的时候,会用到水泥砂浆,做完后业主要进行验收,而地面找平砂浆验收标准是什么呢?
    When there are potholes on the ground, it should be leveled during decoration. Only when the ground is balanced after leveling can it look better. What are the steps of ground leveling? When the ground is leveled, cement mortar will be used. After finishing, the industry will mainly carry out acceptance, and what is the acceptance standard of ground leveling mortar?
    一、地面找平步骤
    1、 Ground leveling procedure
    1、地面基层处理:
    1. Ground base treatment:
    在进行施工前,同样需要对地面基层进行处理,确保地面空鼓、起块等缺陷已经被修补或铲除,并保证地面基层清理干净,没有什么施工障碍,此外,建议需要对已完成的木制品的根部包扎,对室内原有设施的根部包扎或用材料进行隔挡。
    Before construction, it is also necessary to deal with the ground base course to ensure that the ground hollowing, block and other defects have been repaired or removed, and that the ground base course is cleaned up without any construction obstacles. In addition, it is recommended that the root of the completed woodwork should be bound, and the root of the original indoor facilities should be bound or blocked with materials.
    2、标高抹灰饼:
    2. Elevation plastering cake:
    依据地面铺贴饰材的种类厚度和完成面标准线确定找平厚度,一般面层抹灰厚度不小于20mm,在墙面弹出找平控制线,根据找平控制线沿墙四周抹灰饼,灰饼大小一般为5x5cm大小,横竖间距为1.5—2.0米,灰饼上平面即为地面面层标高,如果房间比较大,还须抹标筋,铺抹灰饼和标筋的砂浆材料配合比均与抹地面的砂浆相同。
    The leveling thickness shall be determined according to the type and thickness of the decorative materials paved on the ground and the standard line of the finished surface. Generally, the plastering thickness of the surface layer shall not be less than 20 mm. The leveling control line shall be snapped on the wall. According to the leveling control line, the plastering cake shall be around the wall. The size of the plastering cake is generally 5 x 5 cm, and the horizontal and vertical spacing is 1.5-2.0 M. the upper plane of the plastering cake is the elevation of the surface layer on the ground. If the room is relatively large, the marking bar shall be plastered, The mix proportion of mortar materials for plastering cake and standard bar is the same as that for plastering the ground.
    3、刷水泥浆:
    3. Brush cement slurry:
    水泥浆的作用是为了使得水泥沙浆和地面的衔接更紧密,水泥浆需要按照1:0.5的比例配制,调制好后,用扫帚等工具涂刷到地面,形成结合层。
    The function of cement slurry is to make the cement mortar connect with the ground more closely. The cement slurry needs to be prepared according to the proportion of 1:0.5. After being prepared, it needs to be brushed to the ground with brooms and other tools to form a bonding layer.
    4、铺水泥砂浆:
    4. Laying cement mortar:
    在涂刷完水泥砂浆后,铺水泥砂浆,泥砂浆配合比为水泥:砂=1:2,应搅拌均匀,满铺水泥砂浆后用长木杠拍实搓平,使砂浆与基层结合密实。
    After brushing the cement mortar, pave the cement mortar. The mix ratio of the mud mortar is cement: sand = 1:2, which should be mixed evenly. After the cement mortar is fully paved, use the long wood bar to pat and rub it to make the mortar and the base course combine tightly.

    5、表面亚光处理:
    5. Surface matte treatment:
    表面压光分两次进行,第一次在水泥砂浆凝结稍有反水,人踩上去有脚印,但不下陷时,撒干水泥面后用铁抹子压光,从边角到大面,顺序加力压实抹光,提醒待水泥砂浆终凝前进行第二遍压光,用铁抹子将第一次压光留下的抹纹压实、压平、压光,并随时用靠尺检查平整度。
    The surface calendering is carried out in two times. For the first time, there is a little backwater in the setting of the cement mortar, and there are footprints when people step on it, but it does not sink. After spreading the dry cement surface, press the surface with an iron trowel, from the corner to the large surface, press and polish in sequence, remind to press and polish for the second time before the final setting of the cement mortar, and use an iron trowel to compact, press and polish the trowel marks left by the first time, and use a guiding rule at any time Check the flatness.
    6、完工养护:
    6. Completion maintenance:
    面层压光24小时后,在面层铺锯末或其他材料覆盖洒水养护,保持湿润,养护时间不少于7天,抗压强度达5Mpa时才能上人,水泥砂浆找平法施工,要求面层和基层粘结牢固,不应空鼓;表面应密实压光,不允许有脱皮、裂缝、起沙等缺陷。
    24 hours after the surface layer is pressed and polished, the surface layer shall be covered with sawdust or other materials and watered for curing to keep it moist. The curing time shall not be less than 7 days, and the person can only get on when the compressive strength reaches 5MPa. The cement mortar leveling method shall be used for construction, and the surface layer and the base layer shall be firmly bonded and free of hollowing; the surface shall be tightly pressed and polished and free of peeling, crack, sand and other defects.
    二、地面找平砂浆验收标准
    2、 Acceptance standard for ground leveling mortar
    1、水泥砂浆面层与基层应粘结牢固,不会出现空鼓情况。
    1. Cement mortar surface course and base course shall be firmly bonded without hollowing.
    2、水泥砂浆面层表面应密实压光,不允许有裂缝,起沙、脱皮、接荐不平等缺陷。
    2. The surface of cement mortar surface course shall be compacted and polished, without cracks, sand rising, peeling and unequal defects of joint recommendation.
    3、不泛水的地面,应按设计要求做好泛水,不得有倒泛水现象。
    3. For the ground without flashing, the flashing shall be done according to the design requirements, and there shall be no reverse flashing.
    4、用2m靠尺检查表面平整度,允许偏差4mm。
    4. Check the surface flatness with a 2m guiding rule, and the allowable deviation is 4mm.
    5、将基层上的灰尘扫掉,用钢丝刷和錾子刷净、剔掉灰浆皮和灰渣层,用10%的火碱水溶液刷掉基层上的油污,并用清水及时将碱液冲净。
    5. The dust on the base course shall be swept away, the mortar skin and ash layer shall be cleaned with wire brush and chisel, the oil stain on the base course shall be brushed off with 10% sodium hydroxide solution, and the alkali solution shall be washed away with clear water in time.
    6、根据墙上的+1000mm水平线,往下量测出面层标高,并弹在墙上。
    6. According to the + 1000mm horizontal line on the wall, measure down the surface layer elevation and snap it on the wall.
    7、根据房间内四周墙上弹的面层标高水平线,确定面层抹灰厚度(不应小于20mm),然后拉水平线开始抹灰饼(5cm*5cm),横竖间距为1.5—2.0米,灰饼上平面即为地面面层标高,如果房间比较大,还须抹标筋,铺抹灰饼和标筋的砂浆材料配合比均与抹地面的砂浆相同。
    7. According to the surface elevation horizontal line snapped on the walls around the room, determine the surface plastering thickness (not less than 20 mm), then pull the horizontal line to start plastering cake (5 cm * 5 cm), the horizontal and vertical spacing is 1.5-2.0 m, the upper plane of the ash cake is the surface elevation of the ground, if the room is relatively large, it is necessary to plaster the standard bar, and the mortar material mix ratio of the plastering cake and the standard bar is the same as the mortar plastering the ground.
    8、搅拌砂浆,用搅拌机进行搅拌,颜色必须一致。
    8. Mix the mortar with a mixer, and the color must be the same.
    9、铺设水泥砂浆前,涂刷水泥浆一层(随刷随铺面层砂浆)。
    9. Before laying the cement mortar, brush one layer of cement mortar (along with the mortar of the pavement layer).
    10、在涂刷完水泥砂浆后,铺水泥砂浆,并在灰饼之间将砂浆铺均匀。
    10. After brushing the cement mortar, pave the cement mortar, and pave the mortar evenly between the ash cakes.
    11、木抹子刮平后,迅速用铁抹子压第一遍,直到出浆为止,面层砂浆初凝后,用铁抹子压第二遍,表面压平压光,在水泥砂浆终凝前进行第三遍压光,必须在终凝前完成,并随时用2米靠尺检查其平整度。
    11. After the wood trowel is scraped flat, the iron trowel shall be used for pressing for the first time until the slurry is discharged. After the initial setting of the surface mortar, the iron trowel shall be used for pressing for the second time, and the surface shall be pressed flat and polished. The third time of pressing before the final setting of the cement mortar must be completed before the final setting, and the flatness shall be checked at any time with a 2m guiding rule.
    12、完工后24小时(地面压光),铺锯末或其他材料覆盖洒水养护,保持湿润的效果,养护时间不少于7天,抗压强度达5Mpa时才能上人。
    12. 24 hours after completion (ground calendering), pave sawdust or other materials to cover and spray water for curing to keep the effect of wetting. The curing time shall not be less than 7 days, and the personnel can only be boarded when the compressive strength reaches 5MPa.
    地面找平步骤如上,虽然这些步骤看起来很简单,其实在整个过程中却有很多的事情是需要做,也需要一定的技术跟工艺。要是业主并不清楚地面找平砂浆验收标准,就不要盲目的进行验收,而应该要懂得的师傅来帮助验收。
    The ground leveling steps are as above. Although these steps seem simple, there are many things to do in the whole process, as well as certain technology and technology. If the owner does not know the acceptance standard of the ground leveling mortar, he should not blindly carry out the acceptance, but should know the master to help the acceptance.

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